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Summer Skincare

Summer skincare

As the summer vibes kick in, our skincare groove needs a remix. Say goodbye to the remnants of spring and hello to the summer glow!

Sunscreen, Your Summer BFF:

Don’t let those overcast days fool you—UV rays are still doing their thing. Your hero should be facial sunscreen. Summer’s non-negotiable, especially as we dive into longer days and outdoor adventures.

Exfoliation Fiesta:

After the winter hibernation and spring awakening, your skin’s ready for a summer soirée. Light exfoliation is your backstage pass to a radiant complexion. Go easy, though—once or twice a week is the sweet spot.

Hydration – The Eternal Skincare Secret:

Your skin still craves hydration, but let’s go a lighter lotion during the summer days. A floral water or toner spray is your on-the-go ticket to keep the summer freshness intact.

Summer Clean Sweep:

Time to Marie Kondo your skincare stash. Out with the old and in with the radiant! Clean those brushes, check expiration dates, and if it doesn’t look, smell, or feel the same, it’s probably time to swap it out.

Total Body Love:

Your face isn’t the only star this season. Summer is the perfect time for a body care rendezvous. Sugar scrub those limbs and remember to moisturize your neck and décolletage.

Hair Hydration Matters Too:

The seasonal shift isn’t just a skin affair. Your hair wants in on the summer love too. Outdoor activities might dry out those locks, so consider a conditioning hair mask or lightweight hair oil.

Key Takeaway for Sizzling Summer Skin:

Don’t forget the sunscreen. Hydrate like it’s a heatwave, Marie Kondo your skincare shelf, and let every inch of you bask in the summer love.


– [whish beauty](

– [RoseSkinCo](

– [](

– [InStyle](

– [Real Simple](

 (OpenAI ChatGPT 2023)

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Spring Skincare

As the seasons shift from winter’s chill to the gentle embrace of spring, our skincare routines should adapt to the changing climate and the evolving needs of our skin. While the cold, dry air of winter posed its own set of challenges, spring brings new considerations, including increased moisture levels, warmer temperatures, and extended sun exposure.   

Protect from the sun 

Spring can be deceiving. Overcast days may lead us to believe that sun protection isn’t necessary, but don’t be fooled. Harmful UV rays can still penetrate through clouds and cause skin damage. Hence, your most vital spring skincare product is sunscreen. As we venture outdoors more often to bask in the sun’s warmth, shielding your skin from UV rays becomes paramount. Opt for a broad-spectrum facial sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and incorporate it into your daily routine for comprehensive protection.  


After enduring the harsh, dry conditions of winter, your skin may benefit from a touch of rejuvenation. Light exfoliation is the key to breathing life back into winter-worn skin. Consider a combination of chemical and physical exfoliation to unclog pores and unveil a brighter complexion. However, remember the golden rule of exfoliation: moderation is key. Limit this step to once or twice a week to prevent overstimulation and potential irritation.  


Hydration is the cornerstone of a healthy and radiant complexion, and it remains an essential element of your skincare routine as you transition into spring. While you may be tempted to pare down your skincare products for a lighter feel in the warm weather, never compromise on moisture. Hydrated skin is resilient skin, capable of combating the environmental stresses that spring brings. 

As the sun’s rays become more prevalent and the air takes on a gentler humidity, consider adjusting your moisturiser. Opt for a lighter, water-based moisturiser during the day. These formulas provide ample hydration without feeling heavy on the skin. Look for products with hydrating ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or aloe vera, which offer a refreshing burst of moisture. 

 To maintain that coveted dewy glow throughout the day, keep a hydrating face mist or toner spray within arm’s reach. A quick spritz provides instant refreshment and reinvigorates your skin. These hydrating mists not only help set makeup and create a luminous, natural finish, they are perfect to cool down flushed skin.  

Remember that your skin’s hydration isn’t solely determined by external products; it starts from within. Drinking an adequate amount of water is crucial for maintaining healthy, well-hydrated skin. When your body is properly hydrated, your skin reflects it with a natural luminosity and suppleness. Proper hydration helps flush out toxins, supports skin cell renewal, and aids in the overall function of your skin’s natural barrier. It’s a simple yet powerful step in achieving and maintaining a glowing complexion.  

The synergy between internal and external hydration is where your skin truly thrives. By simultaneously nourishing your skin with hydrating skincare products and drinking ample water, you create a harmonious environment for your skin to flourish. Your skin will be better equipped to combat the potential dehydrating effects of warmer temperatures and increased sun exposure that come with spring. 

 Cool down 

As you savour the spring sunshine, you may find your face warming up. To beat the heat, harness the cooling properties of natural rose quartz. A rose quartz roller can help you stay refreshed and relaxed even in the midst of rising temperatures. This enchanting gemstone retains its soothing coolness, making it the perfect companion for a soothing end-of-day night oil ritual.  

Spring clean 

Spring cleaning extends to your skincare routine as well. Don’t forget to clean your makeup brushes and skincare tools regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria, which can lead to clogged pores and breakouts. Aim for a deep clean of your makeup brushes at least once a week to maintain optimal hygiene. Also, take a moment to assess your skincare products. Check for expiration dates, typically indicated by a symbol with an open jar, a number, and a letter (e.g., 12M means the product is good for 12 months after opening). Even unopened products may lose their potency over time. Trust your senses; if a product looks, smells, or feels different from when you first purchased it, it’s time to replace it. 

Look down 

Don’t neglect the skin below your chin, which can also benefit from a spring revival. Consider indulging in a body exfoliant like a sugar scrub to rejuvenate your legs, elbows, arms, knees, and heels. Remember to moisturise your neck and décolletage—areas prone to early signs of aging. 

 Hair Care Matters Too 

As you revel in outdoor activities, your hair might be exposed to the elements. Keep it healthy and hydrated by incorporating a conditioning hair mask or a lightweight hair oil into your routine. Your locks deserve the same springtime TLC as your skin. 

Your Spring Skincare Mantra: Protect and Hydrate 

In essence, spring skincare revolves around two core principles: protection and hydration. Shield your skin from the sun’s rays with a trusty sunscreen, and don’t forget to hydrate regularly. Embrace the season with open arms, knowing that your skin is well-prepared to flourish in the gentle, rejuvenating embrace of spring. 


Whish Beauty. (n.d.). How to Adjust Your Skincare Routine for the Changing Seasons. [Online]. Available at: [Link](…/how-to-adjust-your-skincare…) [Accessed on August 26, 2022]. 

RoseSkinCo. (n.d.). A Spring Clean Beauty Routine: Switching Out Your Winter Skincare for Spring! [Online]. Available at: [Link](…/spring-summer-skincare-routine) [Accessed on August 29, 2022]. (n.d.). How to Tweak Your Skin-Care Routine for Spring. [Online]. Available at: [Link](…/how-to-tweak-your…) [Accessed on August 29, 2022]. 

InStyle. (n.d.). 8 Easy Skincare Swaps to Make For Spring. [Online]. Available at: [Link]( [Accessed on August 29, 2022]. 

Real Simple. (n.d.). 5 Derm-Approved Ways to Transition Your Skincare Routine to Warmer Weather. [Online]. Available at: [Link](…/spring-skincare-routine) [Accessed on August 29, 2022]. 

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Is Natural Skincare Truly Better for Your Skin? 

At Less Than Three – Naturally, we believe in the power of transparency and knowledge when it comes to your skincare journey. The debate surrounding natural versus conventional skincare has sparked conversations worldwide. 

Natural Skincare: 

Gentle Nourishment: Natural skincare products are enriched with organic ingredients that gently nourish and support your skin’s natural functions. They avoid harsh chemicals that can strip your skin of its essential oils, promoting a healthy complexion. 

Power of Nature: The potency of nature’s ingredients is harnessed in natural skincare. Botanicals, plant extracts, and essential oils are celebrated for their rejuvenating properties, offering a holistic approach to skincare. 

Eco-Conscious Choice: Embracing natural skincare can not just be beneficial for your skin, but also for the planet. By choosing products made from sustainable and environmentally friendly sources, you contribute to a greener world. 

The Other Side of the Coin: 

Scientific Innovation: Conventional skincare often integrates scientific breakthroughs and advanced formulations that can target specific skin concerns with precision. These products may include specialised ingredients that address issues like acne or hyperpigmentation. 

Longevity and Preservation: Natural ingredients might have shorter shelf lives due to the absence of certain preservatives. Conventional skincare can use stabilisers to prolong product life. 

The Middle Ground: Making an Informed Choice: 

At Less Than Three – Naturally, we champion natural beauty while recognising that each skincare path has its merits. Natural skincare celebrates purity and the wellness of your skin and body. Conventional skincare embraces scientific advancements for targeted results. As always, do your research and make your own conclusions about the ingredients that you choose to use.

We encourage you to embark on a skincare journey that resonates with your values and goals. Consider the uniqueness of your skin, your preferences, and your beliefs. Whichever path you choose, we are here to support you with our commitment to transparency, authenticity, and crafting products that celebrate the best of nature. 

Remember, the choice is yours, and we are honoured if you choose us to be a part of your skincare story. 

Photo credit: drew-dizzy-graham

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Natural vs. Synthetic Skincare

As the quest for healthy living and self-care continues to gain momentum, selecting the right skincare products has become increasingly important. Today, we will delve into the differences between natural and synthetic skincare, highlighting both their positive and negative aspects with the aim to empower you to make informed decisions about your skincare products.

Natural skincare products are formulated with ingredients derived from nature, such as plants, minerals, and extracts. Advocates of natural skincare emphasise its minimalistic approach, asserting that these products are gentle on the skin and free from potentially harmful chemicals. Natural ingredients like aloe vera, shea butter, and rosehip oil are renowned for their nourishing and soothing properties.

Pros of Natural Skincare:

  • Gentle and Nourishing: Natural ingredients can be gentle on the skin, making them suitable for individuals with sensitive skin or allergies.
  • Botanical Benefits: Plant-derived compounds often possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and moisturising properties, which can contribute to healthier-looking skin.
  • Sustainability: Many natural skincare brands prioritise sustainable sourcing and eco-friendly practices, appealing to environmentally conscious consumers.

Cons of Natural Skincare:

  • Limited Shelf Life: Natural products may have a shorter shelf life due to the absence of certain synthetic preservatives and stabilisers, requiring more frequent repurchases.
  • Variability in Efficacy: Due to seasonal and environmental factors, natural ingredients can vary in potency and consistency, which may lead to inconsistent results across different batches or brands.
  • Allergenic Potential: Although rare, some individuals may have allergies or sensitivities to certain natural ingredients, necessitating careful ingredient selection.

Scientific Studies on Natural Skincare:

  • A study published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology compared the effects of natural and synthetic moisturisers on individuals with sensitive skin. The results revealed that natural moisturisers, containing ingredients like shea butter and jojoba oil, exhibited superior moisturisation and reduced skin irritation compared to synthetic counterparts.
  • Another study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science evaluated the anti-aging effects of natural and synthetic antioxidants. The findings showed that natural antioxidants, such as green tea extract and vitamin C derived from botanical sources, exhibited greater efficacy in reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles compared to synthetic alternatives.

Synthetic skincare products are formulated with laboratory-created ingredients, designed to mimic the properties of natural substances. Synthetic ingredients are often more stable, have longer shelf lives, and can be mass-produced. Compounds like hyaluronic acid and peptides have gained popularity for their targeted effectiveness in addressing specific skin concerns.

Pros of Synthetic Skincare:

  • Stability and Consistency: Synthetic ingredients can offer a higher level of stability and consistency, ensuring that the product’s efficacy remains intact over time.
  • Advanced Formulations: Synthetic compounds can be engineered to address specific skin concerns, such as acne, hyperpigmentation, or aging, leading to potent and targeted skincare solutions.
  • Broad-Spectrum Protection: Synthetic sunscreens can provide effective broad-spectrum UV protection, safeguarding the skin against both UVA and UVB rays.

Cons of Synthetic Skincare:

  • Potential Irritants: Some synthetic ingredients, especially fragrances and preservatives, may cause skin irritations or allergies in certain individuals.
  • Environmental Impact: The production and disposal of synthetic ingredients can have adverse effects on the environment, including pollution and non-biodegradability.
  • Lack of Natural Benefits: Synthetic skincare may not offer the same array of natural benefits found in plant-derived ingredients, such as antioxidants or soothing properties.

Scientific Studies on Synthetic Skincare:

  • A study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Science examined the effectiveness of synthetic retinoids (Vitamin A derivatives) in reducing acne and improving overall skin appearance. The results demonstrated that synthetic retinoids, such as tretinoin, exhibited significant improvement in acne severity and skin texture when compared to natural alternatives.
  • In a study published in the Journal of Dermatological Science, researchers evaluated the effectiveness of synthetic sunscreens in providing broad-spectrum UV protection. The findings indicated that synthetic sunscreens, containing ingredients like avobenzone and octinoxate, offered superior protection against harmful UVA and UVB rays compared to some natural alternatives.

Selecting the right skincare approach, whether natural or synthetic, depends on various factors, including personal preferences, skin type, and specific concerns. Many skincare enthusiasts opt for a combination approach, harnessing the benefits of both natural and synthetic ingredients to create customised skincare routines.

It is crucial to be mindful of ingredient labels, explore trusted brands, and seek professional advice when necessary. By making informed choices, you can tailor your skincare routine to meet your unique needs while achieving healthy, radiant skin.

The natural vs. synthetic skincare debate continues to captivate skincare enthusiasts worldwide. Understanding the pros and cons of both approaches empowers you to make informed decisions about your skincare regimen. Scientific studies shed light on the efficacy of natural ingredients in providing gentle care and the advanced formulations of synthetic products in targeting specific concerns.

Ultimately, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. By considering individual preferences, skin compatibility, sustainability concerns, and personal values, you can curate a skincare routine that aligns with your goals and values. Remember, skincare is a journey, and with knowledge at your fingertips, you can navigate it confidently, embracing the best of both natural and synthetic skincare worlds.

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Comedogenic oils – part 2

In our previous post, we discussed comedogenic oils and their potential adverse effects on the skin. Today, let’s shift our focus to non-comedogenic oils, which can be a fantastic addition to your skincare routine. We’ll explore five examples of non-comedogenic oils and highlight their benefits for achieving healthy, radiant skin. 

  • Argan oil is a lightweight and non-greasy oil that is highly compatible with most skin types. It is rich in essential fatty acids and vitamin E, which nourish and moisturize the skin without clogging pores. Argan oil also possesses antioxidant properties, helping to protect the skin from environmental damage. 
  • Jojoba oil is a remarkable oil that closely resembles the sebum naturally produced by our skin. It’s lightweight and easily absorbed, making it suitable for all skin types. Jojoba oil helps regulate oil production, balances the skin’s moisture levels, and soothes various skin conditions like acne and inflammation. 
  • Rosehip oil is derived from the seeds of wild rose bushes and is renowned for its skin-regenerating properties. It contains essential fatty acids, vitamins, and antioxidants that promote cell turnover, reduce the appearance of scars and hyperpigmentation, and boost overall skin health. Rosehip oil is lightweight and non-greasy, making it an excellent choice for both dry and oily skin types. 
  • Squalane oil is a derivative of squalene, a naturally occurring substance in our skin. It provides intense hydration without leaving a greasy residue and helps to strengthen the skin barrier. Squalane oil is suitable for all skin types and can improve elasticity, reduce fine lines, and protect against moisture loss. 
  • Grapeseed oil is a light, non-comedogenic oil rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and omega-6 fatty acids. It absorbs quickly into the skin, providing moisture and nourishment without clogging pores. Grapeseed oil is beneficial for balancing oil production, reducing inflammation, and promoting a clear complexion. 

Using non-comedogenic oils in your skincare routine can offer numerous benefits. These oils hydrate the skin, maintain its natural balance, and provide essential nutrients without causing pore congestion. They can help reduce the appearance of blemishes, improve skin texture, and enhance overall skin health. 

Remember, everyone’s skin is unique, and it’s important to consider your individual skin type and sensitivities when choosing oils for your skincare routine. Performing a patch test before incorporating new products can help ensure compatibility and minimize the risk of any adverse reactions. 

Incorporating non-comedogenic oils into your skincare regimen can be a game-changer, as they offer a natural and effective way to nourish and protect your skin. Embrace these oils and enjoy the journey to healthier, radiant skin. 

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How does Kunzea cream work?

Have you ever wondered about the remarkable properties of Kunzea Cream and how it delivers its soothing and therapeutic benefits? Let’s dive into the fascinating world of Tasmanian Kunzea ambigua, exploring the chemical compounds that contribute to its efficacy and the benefits they offer.  

Kunzea Ambigua oil is rich in beneficial chemical compounds. This plant, belonging to the myrtle family, has been cherished for centuries by the traditional owners of the land for its healing properties. The essential oil extracted from Kunzea ambigua is the key ingredient in our Kunzea Cream, making it a potent ally in natural health support. 

  • One of the primary compounds found in Kunzea ambigua essential oil is alpha-pinene. This terpene is known for its anti-inflammatory effects, helping to reduce inflammation in muscles and joints. Alpha-pinene also exhibits analgesic properties, offering pain relief and assisting in the management of conditions such as arthritis and muscular aches. 
  • Kunzea ambigua also contains 1,8-cineole, commonly known as eucalyptol. This compound possesses expectorant properties, aiding in respiratory health. Additionally, 1,8-cineole exhibits anti-inflammatory effects, contributing to the cream’s ability to reduce swelling and promote joint mobility. 
  • Globulol and viridiflorol are sesquiterpenes found in Kunzea ambigua essential oil. These compounds offer anti-inflammatory benefits and contribute to the cream’s analgesic properties which aid in providing relief from pain and discomfort associated with various conditions. 

The combination of alpha-pinene, 1,8-cineole, globulol, and viridiflorol in Kunzea ambigua oil works synergistically to reduce inflammation in muscles and joints. This helps alleviate pain and swelling, providing relief from conditions such as arthritis and muscular aches. 

The presence of alpha-pinene and sesquiterpenes in Kunzea ambigua oil contributes to its analgesic effects. These compounds help to block pain receptors, offering temporary relief from discomfort and enhancing overall well-being. 

The 1,8-cineole content in Kunzea ambigua essential oil can additionally provide respiratory benefits by assisting in clearing airways and promoting easier breathing. 

In addition to its pain-relieving effects, Kunzea Cream also offers benefits for dry skin. When combined with the moisturising benefits of organic hemp seed and jojoba oils and organic shea butter, our cream’s moisturising properties assist in the management of dry skin conditions, keeping the skin hydrated and supple. By replenishing moisture and promoting a healthy skin barrier, it helps restore the skin’s natural balance and supports overall skin health. 

Kunzea Cream, powered by the natural wonders of Kunzea ambigua, offers a multifaceted approach to pain relief and well-being. Its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and moisturising effects can make it a versatile and effective solution for various conditions, including arthritis, muscle aches, and dry skin. By incorporating Kunzea Cream into your daily routine, you can unlock the potential of this natural remedy and experience the relief and comfort you deserve. 

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Comedogenic Oils – part 1

When it comes to skincare, we all want products that nourish and enhance the health of our skin. However, not all oils are created equal, and some can have negative effects on our skin. One term you may come across is “comedogenic”.

What Does Comedogenic Mean?

The term comedogenic refers to the likelihood of an oil or ingredient to clog pores and promote the formation of comedones, more commonly known as blackheads and whiteheads. Comedones occur when dead skin cells, bacteria, and sebum accumulate in the hair follicles, leading to blockages. When these blockages are exposed to the air, they oxidize and appear as blackheads. Closed blockages appear as small, white or flesh-colored bumps called whiteheads.

Let’s explore some comedogenic oils and understand why they can be detrimental to your skincare routine.

Coconut Oil: is widely used in various beauty and skincare products, but it is known to be highly comedogenic. Its molecular structure is dense and can easily clog pores, leading to breakouts and acne flare-ups, especially for those with oily or acne-prone skin.

Almond Oil: While almond oil has many beneficial properties, it has a comedogenic rating that makes it unsuitable for some skin types. Almond oil has a heavier texture that may contribute to pore congestion and potentially trigger acne.

Wheat Germ Oil: Wheat germ oil is rich in nutrients, but it has a high comedogenic rating. It contains a significant amount of linoleic acid, which can disrupt the skin’s natural balance and result in clogged pores and blemishes.

Soybean Oil: Soybean oil, often found in skincare and cosmetic products, has a comedogenic rating that can cause pore blockages. It can lead to an increase in sebum production, potentially worsening existing acne conditions.

Cocoa Butter: While cocoa butter is popular for its moisturizing properties, it is also comedogenic. Its thick consistency can create a barrier on the skin, trapping bacteria and sebum, which may contribute to acne breakouts.

The potential results of using these comedogenic oils can vary from person to person, depending on their skin type and sensitivity. However, common consequences include clogged pores, blackheads, whiteheads, increased acne breakouts, and overall congestion of the skin.

It’s important to note that not everyone will experience negative effects from using comedogenic oils. Some individuals may have skin that tolerates these oils well, while others may be more prone to developing clogged pores and breakouts.

So, when selecting skincare products, it’s a good idea to be aware of the comedogenic rating of the oils they contain. If you have oily or acne-prone skin, it’s generally advisable to avoid oils with high comedogenic ratings to prevent potential skin issues.

Keep an eye out for a future post, where I’ll talk about some non-comedogenic oils that are beneficial for skincare, their properties and how they can contribute to healthier skin.

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What is Organic?

Organic, all-natural, certified organic, non-GMO, there are many words that are used in marketing and advertising and they make it confusing to know what you are really buying.

Organic farming is a method of agriculture and livestock production that aims to use naturally occurring substances while strictly limiting those that are synthetic.

Produce labeled ‘organic’ implies that the inputs to farming, including soil management, pesticides and genetic engineering, are controlled. This is to the benefit of biological diversity, soil fertility and the environment as a whole.

Organic farming creates a considerable positive impact. The guidelines on organic farming do not have influence on socially or environmentally focussed practices from an overall perspective. Keep an eye out for a post about sustainable farming where we explore this further.

What is the difference between certified organic and organic?

Certified organic products have gone through a process of certification by a third party to guarantee the integrity and purity of the product. As there is no singular regulatory body in Australia, there are seven certification companies that have been approved by the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS):

Australian Certified Organic (ACO)National Association for Sustainable Agriculture, Australia (NASAA)
AUS-QUAL Limited (Aus-Qual)
Bio-Dynamic Research Institute (Demeter)
Organic Food Chain (OFC)
Safe Food Production Queensland (SFPQ)
Tasmanian Organic-dynamic Producers (TOP)

Australian Certified Organic (ACO) means that the product has been tested and approved by the ACO certification body, which guarantees the organic integrity of organic food products.

Australian Certified Organic is not just “chemical free” in that the product is grown without the use of synthetic chemicals, insecticides, fumigants, herbicides, fungicides, fertilisers or GMO’s.

While the ACCC demands that brands substantiate organic claims, companies do not have to be officially certified to label their products as “organic”. Standards Australia is looking to make it easier for consumers to identify what products are really organic.

Organic ingredients can offer higher levels of nutrients. Researchers have found that plants can boost their production of phytochemicals to strengthen their resistance to bugs and weeds when faced with fewer pesticides.

References: (2018). Australian Certified organic standards. [online] Available at: [Accessed 30 Jan. 2022].

Difference Between Organic vs Australia Certified Organic | Terra Madre. [ONLINE] Available at:…/difference-between…. [Accessed 21 June 2022].

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Circular Beauty

What Is Circular Beauty?

The term refers to a green business model that keeps materials in use through repair and reuse, extends product life-cycle through quality, and purposely minimizes waste.

The beauty industry is currently built around the linear economic model, where we take from the earth, make something, then consumers throw it away. This take-make-waste system is responsible for an unprecedented amount of waste.

It was reported in Refinery29, that the beauty industry produces 120 billion units of packaging each year. By 2050, it is predicted there will be 12 billion tonnes of beauty packaging in landfill. Circular beauty is a positive step towards helping reduce the impact.

According to the Food Aware Community Interest Company, 18 million tonnes of food ends up in landfill every year. This equates to 1/3 of the food produced by farmers, 1/3 of food sold in supermarkets and 1/3 of the food in your household gets wasted annually. This adds to our environmental problems.

Circular beauty involves using food waste to make new and eco-conscious beauty products. Instead of using ingredients which would normally use more natural resources to manufacture, circular beauty uses up food that would otherwise go to waste. Coffee grounds, bananas and “ugly” carrots are all being used to make beautiful cleansers, creams and masks.

The main challenge for the production of upcycled cosmetics is the adaptation of the raw materials They need to be in fresh condition to further process them into cosmetic products. In addition, these materials need to be free of germs and any possible contamination.

Achieving circularity also relies heavily upon innovating packaging. The single largest contributor of carbon emissions in the beauty industry is single-use packaging. Understanding the significance of reusing packaging, via endlessly refillable containers, as opposed to recycling, is a step in the right direction. While recycling is part of circularity, reuse should always come first.

As beauty consumers, we can take steps to consume less, waste less, reuse packaging (or recycle it responsibly). But for the purchases we do make, we can also vote with our dollars by supporting environmentally responsible brands that put their values into concrete actions.


GLOSSYBOX Beauty Unboxed. 2022. Circular Beauty Is The Latest Eco-Friendly Trend – But What Is It? – GLOSSYBOX Beauty Unboxed. [ONLINE] Available at:,even%20better%20for%20your%20skin.. [Accessed 10 August 2022].

Condé Nast. 2022. Circular Beauty Is The New Sustainable Beauty Trend | Glamour UK. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 10 August 2022].

Harper’s BAZAAR. 2022. Circular Beauty to End Waste Problem – Emma Lewisham, Jane Goodall. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 10 August 2022].

Formula Botanica. 2022. Podcast 66: What is Circular Beauty? – Formula Botanica. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 10 August 2022].

NATRUE. (2021). Circular beauty: upcycled ingredients in cosmetic products. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Nov 2022].

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Aromatherapy – A form of alternative and complementary medicine to promote physical and emotional wellbeing, based on the use of fragrant “essential” oils from the flowers, leaves, bark, branches, rind or roots of plants with purported healing properties. The oils are mixed with another substance (such as oil, alcohol, or lotion) and then put on the skin, sprayed in the air, or inhaled.

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid (repels water) containing volatile (easily evaporated at normal temperatures) chemical compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetheroleum, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. An essential oil is essential in the sense that it contains the essence of the plant’s fragrance — the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived. The term “essential” in this sense does not mean indispensable.

Humans have used aromatherapy for thousands of years. Essential oils were used for therapeutic, spiritual, hygienic and ritualistic purposes going back to ancient civilizations including the Indians, Chinese, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans who used them in cosmetics, perfumes and drugs. Oils were used for aesthetic pleasure and in the beauty industry. They were a luxury item and a means of payment. It was believed the essential oils increased the shelf life of wine and improved the taste of food. They were known to have both physical and psychological benefits.

Essential oils distillation is attributed to the Persians in the 10th century, though the practice may have been in use for a long time prior to this. Information about essential oil distillation was published in the 16th century in Germany. French physicians in the 19th century recognized the potential of essential oils in treating disease.

Medical doctors became more established in the 19th century and focused on using chemical drugs. However, the French and German doctors still recognized the role of natural botanicals in treating illness.

The term “aromatherapy” was coined by a French perfumer and chemist René-Maurice Gattefossé in a book he wrote on the topic that was published in 1937. He had previously discovered the healing potential of lavender in treating burns. The book discusses the use of essential oils in treating medical conditions.

A French surgeon, Jean Valnet, pioneered the medicinal uses of essential oils, which he used as antiseptics in the treatment of wounded soldiers during World War II.

Aromatherapy works through the sense of smell and skin absorption using products such as diffusers, inhalers, body oils, creams, masks, bath salts and oils, facial steamers, hot and cold compresses.

There are nearly one hundred types of essential oils available. Generally, people use the most popular oils.

Each essential oil has an array of unique healing properties, uses, and effects. Combining essential oils to create a synergistic blend can create even more benefits.

Most essential oils are safe to use. But there are some precautions you should take when using them, as well as side effects you should be aware of, especially if you take any prescription medications, are pregnant or breastfeeding or using around babies and small children.

Don’t apply essential oils directly to your skin. Always use a carrier oil to dilute the oils. Remember to do a skin patch test before using essential oils. Most citrus essential oils may make your skin more sensitive to the sun, these oils should be avoided if you are going to be exposed to sunlight.

Aromatherapy is meant to be a complementary therapy. It’s not meant to replace any doctor-approved treatment plan.


Cronkleton, E. (2018). Aromatherapy Uses and Benefits. [online] Healthline. Available at: [Accessed 15 Aug. 2022].

Camille Noe Pagán (2018). What Is Aromatherapy? [online] WebMD. Available at: [Accessed 15 Aug. 2022]. (n.d.). Aromatherapy – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: [Accessed 15 Aug. 2022].